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汉堡源自于中国的肉夹馍

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汉堡源自于中国的肉夹馍

赵斌洁 2017-10-12 英语阅读
[汉堡源自于中国的肉夹馍] The world's first hamburger doesn't come from where you think it comes from. It wasn't invented in the United States, and it didn't originate in Germany. No, the world's first hamburger comes from China.   世界上第一只汉堡从哪来?不是你想的那样哦——不是起源于美国,也不是发源于德国,汉堡源自于中国的肉夹馍。哦不,世界上第一只汉堡起来自中国哦。   If you're scratching your head right now, you're not alone. But Chinese hamburgers are very real and they definitely predate the hamburgers we call our own in the U.S. Known as rou jia mo, which translates to "meat burger" or "meat sandwich," they consist of chopped meat inside a pita-like bun, and they've been around since the Qin dynasty, from about 221 BC to 207 BC. Despite the differences between this Chinese street food and our American-style burgers, the rou jia mo "has been called the world's first hamburger."   The rou jia mo originated in the Shaanxi province of China, and is now eaten all over the country. It's typically prepared and eaten on the street. The dough1 for the bun, or mo, consists of a simple mixture of wheat flour, water and maybe yeast2. Of course recipes may vary, but this basic equation makes for a chewy and subtle pillow for the delicious filling. While the mo is traditionally baked in a clay oven, today it's often fried in a pan. They may look a little like Chinese steamed buns or baos, but the dough for those are, of course, steamed, not baked or fried.   The meat filling might consist of chopped pork, beef, lamb or chicken that has been stewed3 with a variety of spices, like ginger4, cloves5, coriander and star anise. You might also find herbs like cilantro or greens like lettuce6 garnishing7 the sandwich.
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